Republic of Kosovo

Capital: Pristina              HDI: 0.786

Language: Albanian, Serbian, Bosnian, Turkish, Gorani, Romani

GDP (PPP): $18.840 billion

Currency: Euro

Population: 1,859,203

Kosovo is a disputed territory and partially recognized state in Southeast Europe that declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo. Kosovo is landlocked in the central Balkan Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Pristina. It is bordered by the Republic of Macedonia and Albania to the south, Montenegro to the west, and the uncontested territory of Serbia to the north and east. While Serbia recognizes administration of the territory by Kosovo’s elected government, it still continues to claim it as its own Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija.

Long-term ethnic tensions between Kosovo’s Albanian and Serb populations left the province ethnically divided, resulting in inter-ethnic violence, culminating in the Kosovo War of 1998–99, part of the wider regional Yugoslav Wars. The war ended with a military intervention of NATO, which forced the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to withdraw its troops from Kosovo, which became a UN protectorate under UNSCR 1244. On 17 February 2008 Kosovo’s Parliament declared independence. It has since gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by 109 UN member states and Taiwan. Serbia refuses to recognize Kosovo as a state,[16] although with the Brussels Agreement of 2013 it has accepted the legitimacy of Kosovo institutions. The constituent peoples of Kosovo are Kosovo Albanians, who make up majority of the population, and Kosovo Serbs. The country is poor by European standards with high unemployment, still not having fully recovered from the past conflict.





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